Aurangabad is a city in the Aurangabad district of Maharashtra, India. Aurangabad
(meaning "Built by the Throne") is named after the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb. The
city is a tourist hub, surrounded with many historical monuments, including the
Ajanta Caves and Ellora Caves, which are UNESCO World Heritage Sites, as well as
Bibi Ka Maqbara. The administrative headquarters of the Aurangabad Division or Marathwada
region, Aurangabad is said to be a City of Gates and the strong presence of these
can be felt as one drives through the city. Recently, Aurangabad has been declared
as Tourism Capital of Maharashtra. It is also one of the fastest growing cities
in the world.
The co-ordinates for Aurangabad are N 19° 53' 47" – E 75° 23' 54". The city is surrounded
by hills on all directions. Aurangabad features a semiarid climate under the Köppen
climate classification. Annual mean temperatures in Aurangabad range from 17 to
33 °C, with the most comfortable time to visit in the winter – October to February.
Most of the rainfall occurs in the monsoon season from June to September. Average
annual rainfall is 711 mm.
Predominantely Hinduism, with substantial population of Islam beleivers are two
major religions in Aurangabad with 59.1%, 38.0%, of the population following them.
And others are 1.5% 52.5% of Aurangabad's population is in the 15–59 years age category.
Around 11% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Aurangabad was founded in 1610 A.D. by Malik Ambar, the Prime Minister of Murtaza
Nizam Shah of Ahmadnagar, on the site of a village called Khadki. Malik Ambar died
in 1626. He was succeeded by his son Fateh Khan, who changed the name of Khadki
to Fatehnagar. With the capture of Daulatabad previously known as Devagiri by the
imperial troops in 1633, the Nizam Shahi dominions, including Fatehnagar, came under
the possession of the Moghals. In 1653 when Prince Aurangzeb was not appointed the
viceroy of the Deccan for the second time, he made Fatehnagar his capital and renamed
it Aurangabad. Aurangabad is sometimes referred to as Khujista Bunyad by the Chroniclers
of Aurangzeb's reign. Aurangabad was a part of Nizam's princely Hyderabad State
until its annexation into Indian Union and thereafter a part of Hyderabad state
of India until 1956. In 1956 it became a part of newly formed bilingual Bombay state
and in 1960 it became a part of Maharashtra state.
The city is a tourist hub, surrounded with many historical monuments, including
the Ajanta Caves and Ellora Caves, which are UNESCO World Heritage Sites, as well
as Bibi Ka Maqbara and Panchakki. The administrative headquarters of the Aurangabad
Division or Marathwada region, Aurangabad is said to be a City of Gates and the
strong presence of these can be felt as one drives through the city. Recently Aurangabad
has been declared as Tourism Capital of Maharashtra.
Aurangabad has transformed into a major education center in the Deccan due to its
rapid industrial growth and proximity to Mumbai and Pune. It has schools run by
the Aurangabad Municipal Corporation and private schools owned and run by trusts
and individuals. Aurangabad has many state govt. schools and colleges for higher
studies such as Govt. College of pharmacy, Aurangabad. Aurangabad is a hub of Pharmaceutical
Education. Yash Institute of Pharmacy is one of the pharmacy colleges offering B.Pharm,
M.Pharm and Ph.D education. Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Marathwada University (BAMU)
is located in Aurangabad city. Most of the colleges of the region are affiliated
to it. The University has 101 Colleges affiliated in Aurangabad and similarly 99
Colleges in Beed, 53 & 55 Colleges affiliated in Jalna & Osmanabad.
Aurangabad is the one the fastest developing cities in Asia. It tops the chart among
the developing cities. It lies on a major trade route that used to connect north-west
India's sea and land ports to the Deccan region. The city was a major silk and cotton
textile production centre. A fine blend of silk with locally grown cotton was developed
as Himroo textile. Paithani silk saris are also made in Aurangabad. Aurangabad is
now classic example of efforts of state government towards balanced industrialisation
of state. Major Industrial areas of Aurangabad are Chikhalthana MIDC, Shendra MIDC
and Waluj MIDC. A new industrial belt namely Shendra - Bidkin Industrial Park is
being developed under DMIC. The Maharashtra Centre For Entrepreneurship Development's
main office is in Aurangabad. Many renowned Indian and MNCs have established themselves
in the Industrial Estates of Aurangabad.